A Voz da Rússia anunciou nesta segunda que mais três grupos (que lá chamam de regimentos) de mísseis antiaéreos das Forças Armadas da Ucrânia (os 50º, 55º e 147º regimentos de mísseis antiaéreos, localizados em Eupatória, Feodosia e Fiolente) passaram para o lado das autoridades da Crimeia – leia-se, Moscou.
Segundo o porta-voz da República Autônoma, “no total, mais de 700 soldados e oficiais declararam a sua disponibilidade para defender a população da Crimeia. As unidades de defesa aérea, que passaram para o lado do governo, contam com mais de 20 complexos de mísseis antiaéreos Buk e mais de 30 sistemas de mísseis antiaéreos S-300PS”. Seriam já cerca de 5.500 soldados “ucranianos” a passar para o lado dos russos.
Assim, das 34 unidades militares ucranianas estacionadas na Crimeia, 23 já teriam manifestado lealdade a Moscou. Some-se aí a frota ucraniana (ou ex-frota ucraniana, ou ex-frota soviética do Mar Negro) de Sebastopol que optou por aderir à causa da secessão.
Diante desse quadro, alguém tem dúvida de que a Crimeia deixou de pertencer à Ucrânia? O problema é se o exemplo for seguido pela região leste do país, de maioria russa. Isso acontecendo, a probabilidade de secessão da Ucrânia é alta. Com o Urso à espreita, as lideranças do governo provisório em Kiev têm muito com o que se preocupar…
Segue artigo da RIA Novosti sobre as deserções…
5,500 Ukrainian Soldiers Defect to Serve an Independent Crimea
More than 5,500 soldiers have defected from Ukraine’s military to serve the autonomous republic of Crimea, the region’s newly appointed leader said.
MOSCOW, March 4 (RIA Novosti) – More than 5,500 soldiers have defected from Ukraine’s military to serve the autonomous republic of Crimea, the region’s newly appointed leader said.
Sergei Aksyonov, named prime minister last week in a local parliamentary vote, said Tuesday that talks with unit commanders led to the defections of soldiers to join an independent Crimean military.
“Of the 34 Ukrainian military units stationed in Crimea, 23 have defected,” a local government representative told RIA Novosti on Tuesday.
Crimea, a majority ethnic Russian peninsula in southeastern Ukraine, was seized by Russian-aligned troops in recent days following the overthrow of the pro-Russian government in Kiev by the erstwhile, Western-leaning opposition.
The regional leadership has announced that it will consider a referendum to secede from Ukraine on March 30.
Troops under apparent Russian command, many of them traveling in military trucks and armored personnel carriers, have deployed widely around Crimea, as attested by numerous eyewitness accounts from reporters on the ground.
The forces have surrounded Ukrainian military installations and demanded soldiers inside lay down their arms.
Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday denied such a deployment had taken place, however, insisting the troops were part of “local militias.”
Neither the Ukrainian national government nor independent sources have yet confirmed the defection figures.
A Crimean government spokesman said the defections included troops stationed at Sevastopol’s Belbek Airport and three air defense regiments that operate S-300 surface-to-air missile systems.
S-300 systems, highly effective in shooting down most modern aircraft, would greatly increase the risk to planes conducting unauthorized overflights of Crimean airspace.
A source inside Ukraine’s naval headquarters told RIA Novosti Tuesday that some 50 officers had been prevented from leaving the building out of fears that they intended to defect to the Crimean military.
Rear Admiral Denis Berezovsky, whom the interim government in Kiev appointed head of Ukraine’s national navy on March 1, swore allegiance to Crimea over the weekend.
He will head the region’s independent navy, according to Prime Minister Aksyonov, who also said Crimea will have its own defense ministry to oversee local troops.
Updated to indicate Aksyonov’s statement was Tuesday.